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By Morris, Goscinny & Léturgie

Rataplan 

Rantanplan is a fictional hound dog created by Belgian comics artist Morris and French writer René Goscinny. Originally a supporting character in the Lucky Luke series, Rantanplan later starred in an eponymous series. Rantanplan is a spoof of Rin Tin Tin, as idiotic as Rin Tin Tin is clever. English versions of the books have renamed him “Rin Tin Can” and “Bushwack” in the 1983 Hanna-Barbera Animated Lucky Luke television series.

Contents

Publication history

The character first appeared in the earliest panels of the story Sur la piste des Dalton, published on February 4, 1960 in the comics magazine Spirou, and latter as an album in 1962.[1] The character remained a fixture over a long series of Lucky Luke publications, resulting in a series of its own publications starting in 1987. Ten years after the death of Goscinny, for the production of the Rantanplan series, Morris collaborated with scenarists such as Jean Léturgie, Bob de Groot and Vittorio Leonardo.

Character

Rantanplan is a prison guard dog often tasked with watching over the Dalton brothers or assisting Lucky Luke track them down each time they escape. However, he is unable to understand this (or anything much) and mistakes Joe Dalton, who hates him psychotically, for a beloved owner. As well as stupid, Rantanplan is incredibly slow and accident-prone, and cannot even swim.

Lucky Luke’s horse Jolly Jumper, a very intelligent animal, holds Rantanplan in contempt, regarding him as one of Nature’s great mistakes.

Animated series

In 2006, the production company Xilam produced an animated series of Morris’ Rantanplan stories in 90 second episodes, broadcast on France 3. It is broadcast in Canada on YTV under the name Rintindumb.

Bibliography

  • La Mascotte (1987, Dargaud)
  • Le Parrain (1988, Dargaud)
  • Rantanplan otage (1992, Lucky Productions)
  • Le Clown (1993, Lucky Productions)
  • Bêtisier 1 (1993, Lucky Productions)
  • Bêtisier 2 (1993, Lucky Productions)
  • Le Fugitif (1994, Lucky Productions)
  • Bêtisier 3 (1995, Lucky Productions)
  • Le Messager (1995, Lucky Productions)
  • Les Cerveaux (1996, Lucky Productions)
  • Le Chameau (1997, Lucky Productions)
  • Bêtisier 4 (1998, Lucky Productions)
  • Le Grand Voyage (1998 Lucky Productions)
  • Bêtisier 5 (2000, Lucky Comics)
  • La Belle et le Bête (2000, Lucky Comics)
  • Le Chien plus bête que son ombre (2000, Lucky Comics)
  • Bêtisier 6 – Le Noël de Rantanplan (2001, Lucky Comics)
  • Chien perché ! (2002, Lucky Comics)
  • Haut les pattes ! (2003, Lucky Comics)
  • Le Joli Cœur (2003, Lucky Comics)

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ BDoubliées. “Spirou année 1960” (in French) . http://bdoubliees.com/journalspirou/annees/1960.htm

External links

 

Morris

 
Born Maurice De Bevere
1 December 1923(1923-12-01)
Kortrijk, Belgium
Died 16 July 2001(2001-07-16) (aged 77)
Brussels, Belgium
Nationality Belgian
Area(s) Cartoonist, Writer, Artist
Notable works Lucky Luke
Awards full list

Maurice De Bevere (1 December 1923 – 16 July 2001), better known as Morris, was a Belgian cartoonist and the creator of Lucky Luke. His pen name is an alternate spelling of his first name.

Biography

Born in Kortrijk, Belgium. He went to school in the well-known Jezuit college in Aalst, whose suits inspired him for those of the undertakers in his Lucky Luke series. His math teacher told his parents the boy would unfortunately never succeed in life, as he passed the math classes doodling in the margin of his math books. Morris started drawing in the Compagnie Belge d’Actualités (CBA) animations studios, a small and short-lived animation studios in Belgium where he met Peyo and André Franquin.[1] After the war, the company folded and Morris worked as an illustrator for Het Laatste Nieuws, a Flemish newspaper, and Le Moustique, a weekly magazine published by Dupuis, for which he made some 250 covers and numerous other illustrations, mainly caricatures of movie stars.[1]

He died in 2001 by an accidental fall.

Lucky Luke

He created Lucky Luke in 1946 for Spirou, the comics magazine published by Dupuis. Lucky Luke is a solitary cowboy who travels across the Wild West, helping those in need, aided by his faithful horse, Jolly Jumper. The first adventure, Arizona 1880, was published in L’Almanach Spirou 1947, released on 7 December 1946.[2]

Morris became one of the central artists of the magazine, and one of the so-called “La bande des quatre” (Gang of 4), with Jijé, André Franquin and Will.[1] He did not work at the house of Jijé, contrary to the other two, but all four became very good friends, stimulating each other artistically. Together they laid the foundation for the “Marcinelle school“, the typical style of comics of Spirou which contrasts both stylistically and thematically with the “Ligne claire” used by the group of artists associated with Hergé in Tintin magazine.

In 1948, Morris, Jijé and Franquin travelled to the United States (Will was too young and had to remain in Belgium). They wanted to get to know the country, see what was left of the Wild West, and meet some American comic artists. Morris stayed the longest of the three and only returned after 6 years. In the meantime he had worked for Mad, and met René Goscinny, a French comic artist and writer, who would write all the Lucky Luke stories between 1955 to his death in 1977. Goscinny was then still fairly unknown, but would become the most successful European comic writer, initially with Lucky Luke and a few years later with Asterix.[1]

The years in the USA became crucial for Morris, not only because he met Goscinny, but also because he gathered a great deal of documentation for his later work, and became familiar with the Hollywood films of the time. Morris introduced in the following years many cinematic techniques in his stories, like freeze-frames and close-ups. Walt Disney‘s style influenced him a lot which can be seen in the very round lines that characterize the early Lucky Luke albums.[3] Many characters in his comics are also clearly based on famous American actors such as Jack Palance, Gary Cooper, W.C. Fields and William Hart, although he also caricaturizes unexpected figures like Louis de Funès or Serge Gainsbourg.[1]

The first 31 adventures were published by Dupuis, but in the late sixties, Morris left Dupuis and Spirou and went to Dargaud and Pilote, the magazine started by his friend Goscinny.

In 1984, Hanna-Barbera made a series of 52 cartoons of Lucky Luke, thereby augmenting the popularity of the series even further. 52 more cartoons were made in the early 1990s, and three live action movies followed. A few videogames based on the series were also made, e.g. for the PlayStation 1 and the Game Boy Color. Lucky Luke is currently the best selling European comics series ever, with over 300 million copies sold in more than thirty languages.[1]

Unlike many of his contemporaries, Morris never worked on several series, although he made a great deal of illustrations for stories in the forties and fifties. In the nineties, he did make Rantanplan, a spin-off from Lucky Luke, starring the dumbest dog in the West.

In 2005 he ended on the 79th place in the french-speaking version of the election for De Grootste Belg (The Greatest Belgian)

Awards

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f De Weyer, Geert (2005). “Morris”. In België gestript, pp. 143-144. Tielt: Lannoo.
  2. ^ BDoubliées. “Spirou année 1946”. http://bdoubliees.com/journalspirou/annees/1946.htm
  3. ^ Centre Belge de la Bande Dessinée, Brussels

External links

René Goscinny

 
Born August 14, 1926(1926-08-14)
Paris, France
Died November 5, 1977(1977-11-05) (aged 51)
Paris, France
Nationality Dual: French and Polish
Area(s) Cartoonist, Writer, Editor
Pseudonym(s) d’Agostini, Stanislas
Notable works Astérix
Iznogoud
Le Petit Nicolas
Lucky Luke
Oumpah-pah
Notable collaborations Albert Uderzo
Awards full list

René Goscinny (14 August 1926 – 5 November 1977) was a French-Polish author, editor and humorist, who is best known for the comic book Astérix, which he created with illustrator Albert Uderzo, and for his work on the comic series Lucky Luke with Morris (considered the series’ golden age) and Iznogoud with Jean Tabary.

Contents

Early life

Goscinny was born in Paris in 1926, to a family of Jewish descent;[1] his parents were Stanisław “Simkha” Gościnny (the surname means hospitable in Polish), a chemical engineer from Warsaw, Poland, and Anna Bereśniak-Gościnna from Chodorków, a small village in the Second Polish Republic, now Ukraine. Claude, René’s older brother was born 6 years earlier; on 10 December 1920. Stanisław and Anna had met in Paris and married in 1919. The Gościnnys moved to Buenos Aires, Argentina, two years after René’s birth, because of a chemical engineer post Stanisław had obtained there. He spent a happy childhood in Buenos Aires, and studied in the French schools there. He had a habit of making everyone laugh in class, probably to compensate for a natural shyness. He started drawing very early on, inspired by the illustrated stories which he enjoyed reading.

In December 1943 the year after he graduated from school, 17 year old Goscinny lost his father to a cerebral hemorrhage, forcing him to find a job. The next year, he got his first job, as an assistant accountant in a tire recovery factory, and when he was laid off the following year, he became a junior illustrator in an advertising agency.[2]

Goscinny, along with his mother, left Argentina and went to New York in 1945, to join their uncle, Boris, there. To avoid service in the US military, he travelled to France to join the French Army in 1946. He served at Aubagne, in the 141st Alpine Infantry Battalion. Promoted to senior corporal, he became the appointed illustrator of the regiment and drew illustrations and posters for the army.

First works

The following year, he illustrated the book The Girl with The Eyes of Gold and returned to New York. On his arrival Goscinny went through the most difficult period of his life. For a while, he was jobless, alone and totally broke. By 1948, though, he recovered and started working in a small studio where he met and became friends with future Mad alumni Will Elder, Jack Davis and Harvey Kurtzman.[2] Goscinny then became art director at Kunen Publishers where he wrote four books for children. Around this time he met Joseph Gillain, better known as Jijé, and Maurice de Bevere aka Morris, the cartoonist and author of the series Lucky Luke (which Goscinny would write from 1955 to his death in 1977).[2]

Also, he met Georges Troisfontaines, chief of the World Press agency, who convinced Goscinny to return to Paris and work for his agency as the head of Paris office in 1951. Here, he met Albert Uderzo, with whom he started a longtime cooperation.[2][3] They started out with some work for Bonnes Soirées, a female magazine for which Goscinny wrote Sylvie. Goscinny and Uderzo also launched the series Jehan Pistolet and Luc Junior in La Libre Junior.

In 1955, Goscinny, accompanied by Jean-Michel Charlier, Albert Uderzo and Jean Hébrad, founded the syndicate Edipress/Edifrance. The syndicate launched publications like Clairon for the factory union and Pistolin for a chocolate company. Goscinny and Uderzo cooperated on the series Bill Blanchart in Jeannot, Pistolet in Pistolin and Benjamin et Benjamine in the magazine of the same name. Under the pseudonym Agostini, Goscinny wrote Le Petit Nicolas for Jean-Jacques Sempé in Le Moustique and later Sud-Ouest and Pilote.

In 1956, Goscinny began a collaboration with the magazine Tintin. He wrote some short stories for Jo Angenot and Albert Weinberg, and worked on Signor Spaghetti with Dino Attanasio, Monsieur Tric with Bob de Moor, Prudence Petitpas with Maurice Maréchal, Globul le Martien and Alphonse with Tibet, Strapontin with Berck and Modeste et Pompon with André Franquin. An early creation with Uderzo, Oumpah-pah, was also adapted for serial publication in Tintin from 1958-1962.[4] In addition, Goscinny appeared in the magazines Paris-Flirt (Lili Manequin with Will) and Vaillant (Boniface et Anatole with Jordom, Pipsi with Godard).

Pilote and Astérix

In 1959, the Édifrance/Édipresse syndicate started the comics magazine Pilote.[5] Goscinny became one of the most productive writers for the magazine. In the magazine’s first issue, he launched his most famous creation, Astérix, with Uderzo. This series was an instant hit and is now known worldwide. Goscinny also restarted the series Le Petit Nicolas and Jehan Pistolet, now called Jehan Soupolet. Goscinny also began Jacquot le Mousse and Tromblon et Bottaclou with Godard.

The magazine was bought by Georges Dargaud in 1960, and Goscinny became editor-in-chief. He also began new series like Les Divagations de Monsieur Sait-Tout (with Martial), La Potachologie Illustrée (with Cabu), Les Dingodossiers (with Gotlib) and La Forêt de Chênebeau (with Mic Delinx). With Tabary, he launched Calife Haroun El Poussah in Record, a series that was later continued in Pilote as Iznogoud. With Raymond Macherot he created Pantoufle for Spirou.

Death

Goscinny died at age 51, in Paris of cardiac arrest on 5 November 1977, during a stress test at his doctor’s office. He was buried in the Jewish Cemetery of Nice. Since Goscinny’s untimely death, Uderzo has continued to produce the Asterix series, although at the much slower pace of one book every three to five years. The critical reception of the books written without Goscinny has been mixed.

Family

Goscinny married Gilberte Pollaro-Millo in 1967. In 1968 their daughter Anne Goscinny was born, who also became an author.

Bibliography

Series Years Magazine Albums Editor Artist
Lucky Luke 1955 – 19770 Spirou and Pilote 38 Dupuis and Dargaud0 Morris
Modeste et Pompon0[a] 1955–1958 Tintin 02 Lombard André Franquin
Prudence Petitpas 1957–1959 Tintin   Lombard Maurice Maréchal0
Signor Spaghetti 1957–1965 Tintin 15 Lombard Dino Attanasio
Oumpah-pah 1958–1962 Tintin 03 Lombard Albert Uderzo
Strapontin 1958–1964 Tintin 04 Lombard Berck
Astérix 1959–1977 Pilote 24 Dargaud Albert Uderzo
Le Petit Nicolas 1959–1965 Pilote 05 Denoël Sempé
Iznogoud 1962–1977 Record and Pilote0 14 Dargaud Jean Tabary
Les Dingodossiers 1965–1967 Pilote 03 Dargaud Gotlib
  • a.   ^ As part of a writers’ team coming up with gags.
  • The series Lucky Luke, Modeste et Pompon, Asterix and Iznogoud were continued by other writers after Goscinny’s death.

Awards

Since 1996, the René Goscinny Award is presented at the yearly Angoulême International Comics Festival in France as an encouragement for young comic writers.

According to the information which is available in UNESCO‘s Index Translationum, Goscinny, as of April 2008, is the 22nd most translated author, with 1,800 translations of his work.[6] (However this figure does not take in account his additional work under pseudonyms.)

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ Garcia, Laure. “Uderzo, le dernier Gaulois” (in French). Le Nouvel Observateur. http://hebdo.nouvelobs.com/hebdo/parution/p2136/articles/a280131-uderzo__le_dernier_gaulois.html
  2. ^ a b c d Lambiek Comiclopedia. “René Goscinny”. http://lambiek.net/artists/g/goscinny.htm
  3. ^ Lagardère. “Release of the 33rd Asterix volume”. http://www.lagardere.com/us/actualites/detail_actu.cfm?idt=9&idn=5994&nav=0
  4. ^ Asterix International!. “Albert Uderzo”. http://www.asterix-international.de/asterix/uderzo.shtml
  5. ^ BDoubliées. “Pilote année 1959” (in French). http://bdoubliees.com/journalpilote/annees/1959.htm
  6. ^ “Index Translationum top 50”. Databases.unesco.org. http://databases.unesco.org/xtrans/stat/xTransStat.a?VL1=A&top=50&lg=0. Retrieved 2010-12-31. 

External links

v · d · eRené Goscinny and Albert Uderzo‘s Asterix
 
Books by Goscinny
and Uderzo
 
Books by
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Books, other
 
Animated films
 
Live-action films
 
Games
 
Characters
 
Related articles

 

Jean Léturgie

Jean Léturgie is a comic book writer. He was born on December 24, 1947 in Caen. He is the father of Simon Léturgie, with whom he collaborated on numerous projects.
 
Works
 
Percevan
The three stars of Ingaar (1982)
The tomb of ice (1983)
The sword of Ganael (1984)
The country of Aslor (1985)
The hourglass of el Jerada (1986)
The keys to fire (1988)
The Lords of hell (1992)
The Emerald table (1995)
The black arcantane (1996)
The master of the stars (1998)
The seals of the apocalypse (2001)
The seventh seal (2004)
The shadows of Malicorne (2005) off collection
 
Lucky Luke (most often with Xavier Fauche)
Sarah Bernhardt (1982)
The Daily Star (1984)
The ranch cursed (1986)
The Pony express (1988)
The amnesia of the Dalton (1991)
The Dalton at the wedding (1993)
Bridge on the Mississippi (1994)
Klondike (Co writer with Yann) (1996)
 
Rantanplan (most often with Xavier Fauche)
The mascot (1987)
The Godfather (1988)
Rantanplan hostage (1992)
The Clown (1993)
Blooper 1 (1993)
Blooper 2 (1993)
Collection of gags 1 (1993)
Collection of gags 2 (1993)
The fugitive (1994)
The Messenger (1995)
Kid Lucky
Kid Lucky (1995)
Oklahoma Jim (1998)
Cotton Kid
The Act and Mr Pinkerton (1999)
Charivari in the Bayous (2000)
Z as Sorro (2000)
The Chisholm Trail (2001)
The seventh wife of Geronimo (2002)
Black Coyote (2003)
Outretombe
MOM came back (2004)
Wolf is are you? (2005)
Three small towers and then go (2006)
Spoon & White
Requiem for dingoes (1999)
Gore and screams (2000)
Niaq micmac (2001)
Spoonfinger (2002)
Funky Junky (2003)
XXL (2005)
Manhattan Kaputt (2007)
Neverland (2010)
Polstar
Grouper (1996)
The Monkey (1998)
Empire (1999)
The Pack (2002)
Space Cake
Comic trip (2004)