Please click on the album picture to view my  personal library collection on: Leonardo


By De Groot & Turk



 Léonard est toujours un Génie (French for “Leonardo Is Still a Genius”), book cover showing the two main protagonists of the series

Léonard in French, and Leonardo in the Dutch translation, is a Belgian comic series about an eponymous inventor and his assistant. It was created by artist Philippe Liegeois and writer Bob de Groot, better known under their pennames “Turk & De Groot”.


Publication history

Inspired by Leonardo da Vinci, the character first appeared in Achille Talon magazine in 1976 and, when that ended, he moved to Eppo for the Dutch version and Pif gadget for the French. He later appeared in book form and has been drawn by the same duo for over 30 years with a similar number of books.

The stories are usually short ones ranging from one to half-a-dozen or so pages, though there have been the occasional full-length adventures.

All the albums have been published by Lombard Editions in Brussels, Belgium, and by Dargaud in Paris, France. At least four albums have been translated into English, but all are currently out-of-print.


Léonard is set in the early Renaissance period (with some aspects of the 20th century thrown in). He is an inventor and self-proclaimed genius who lives in a small town where he comes up with all sorts of inventions. Most of these are based on more recent, real-life achievements including television, fire extinguishers, cars and planes. He has also made more fanciful inventions like time machines and robots.

Léonard is flanked by Basile, his long-suffering (and often quite reluctant) assistant. Léonard refers to his younger helper as “Disciple” (“Lackey” in the English version), while Basile calls him “Master”.

Basile shows, and not without good cause, little of the respect that Léonard feels due to him and their relationship is more one of squabbling worker and employer than that of pupil and mentor. One cannot really blame the Disciple given the Master’s arrogance and over-sized ego.

In fact, far from teaching his Disciple the ways of science, Léonard looks upon him as a convenient guinea-pig for his inventions and shows little sympathy when they go wrong, which they almost always do.


The most common storyline is that Léonard comes up with the idea for an invention. He then proceeds to wake up his late-sleeping Disciple using various means which range from loudspeakers to explosives. After being blown to bits or suffering similar injuries, the Disciple gets himself together and grudgingly proceeds to help build and test Léonard’s latest idea. This invariably results in more damage to his body and soul, but failure to co-operate will result in him being on the receiving end of Léonard’s anvil or blunderbuss which the Master keeps conveniently tucked up in his beard. The story often ends with the Disciple covered in plaster and bandages and even having to go to hospital.

Other characters

Looking on are Raoul the cat, Bernadette the mouse, and Mathurine the housekeeper. The cat and the mouse are friends and often appear in on-the-side gags: while the main action is being played out by Léonard and his Disciple, the cat and the mouse are involved in action of their own. Another recurring character is Crâne, a talking skull who comments on the scene.

There is also a rival inventor, the Great Albert (based on Albert Einstein) who also has an assistant who is every bit as put-upon as Basile. Albert, who is in every way as brilliant and as arrogant as Léonard, first appeared in a full-length adventure entitled La Guerre des génies (French for “Genius Wars”) — which included a chapter called “Le Génie contre-attaque” (“The Genius Strikes Back”). Deciding that the town was not big enough for two geniuses, he and Léonard engaged in a fiery feud with both of them coming up with increasingly devastating methods to try and get rid of the other. Running gags in the story included the angry inhabitants chasing both Leonardo and Albert out of town and both men joining forces on occasion to get rid of another passing genius, Nicholas Flamel, and his disciple. Although this story was entirely about the two fighting a huge battle, in later albums they are shown to be on more or less friendly terms.

Cartoon series

A pilot for a series was made at the beginning of the 1990s by the French cartoon company IDDH, but the full series was never made. A new cartoon series with CGI graphics is in production at Dargaud Media. It has been renamed Contraptus for the international market.[1]


External links


Bob de Groot



Bob de Groot in June 2010
Born 26 October 1941 (1941-10-26) (age 69)
Brussels, Belgium
Nationality Belgian
Area(s) artist, writer

Bob de Groot was born on 26 October 1941 in Brussels, to Dutch and French parents and is a Belgian comics artist and writer.



While still a young art student de Groot got his first comics experience as an assistant to Maurice Tillieux on Félix.[1] He began creating shorter work for the comics magazine Pilote, with creators such as Hubuc, Reiser. With Fred as scenarist he drew the strip 4 x 8 = 32 L’Agent Caméléon in the late 60s. When the artist Turk joined to assist on the series, de Groot gradually took on increasing amounts of work as scenarist and went on to collaborate with Turk on several series, including Archimède, Robin Dubois and eventually Raymond Macherot‘s Clifton.[1] They also created Léonard for Achille Talon magazine in 1975, before de Groot began a prolific production of comics scenarios for many comics artists, including Tibet, Dupa, Philippe Francq, Greg and Dany. With Rodrigue he created Doggyguard and continued the Clifton series, and with Morris he collaborated on stories for Lucky Luke and Rantanplan.


Series Years Volumes Scenarist or Artist Editor Remarks
Alice au pays des merveilles 1973 1 Greg (writer) Le Lombard and Dargaud Artwork in collaboration with Dany, Dupa and Turk
Ca vous intéresse 1990 1 Dany (artist) P & T Productions This volume written by De Groot, rest of series by different writers
Chlorophylle 1977–1986 3 Dupa and Walli (artists) Le Lombard Series started by Raymond Macherot
Clifton 1973–1984 9 Turk (artist) Le Lombard and Dargaud Series started by Raymond Macherot
Des villes et des femmes 1987–1988 2 Philippe Francq (artist) Dargaud  
Digitaline 1989 1 J. Landrain (artist) Le Lombard First bande dessinée completely made by computer
Doggyguard 1999–2000 3 M. Rodrigue (artist) Le Lombard  



External links


Philippe Liégeois


Born 8 July 1947 (1947-07-08) (age 63)
Durbuy, Belgium
Nationality Belgian
Area(s) Penciller, Inker
Pseudonym(s) Turk
Notable works Colonel Clifton
Robin Dubois

Philippe Liégeois is a Belgian comic book artist, born on 8 July 1947. He is best known by his penname Turk. He is the co-author of numerous comic books, including Colonel Clifton, Léonard and Robin Dubois. His usual writer for all three series is Bob de Groot, and the duo “Turk & De Groot” has been very successful.[1]



Liégeois was born in the city of Durbuy, Belgium. The house is now converted to a hotel-restaurant, with a small plaquette at the door denoting the birthplace. Philippe is a French-speaking Belgian, living in the Ardennes near Namur, Belgium.


Comics work includes:


  1. ^ Philippe Liégeois at Lambiek‘s Comiclopedia