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By Rappé & Cayman

 

Godfried van Bouillon

 
In Bilsen, Godfried the Hunchback, Duke of lower Lorraine, gives to his nephew, Godfrey of Boulogne, the sword of his grandfather. Thus, he becomes the heir to Lorraine. That’s not to the liking of his aunt Mathilde who herself wanted to be become the heir, after the death of her husband. She bilges  along with Pope Gregory, while Godfrey King Henry IV of Germany wants to remain faithful. In an Inn near Bouillon, Godfrey meets a mysterious girl, Isabelle of Moursoy, giving him predicts that henceforth their fates will be connected. When visiting Antwerp Godfrey sees his uncle before his eyes die, after the attack of an assassin, paid by his own wife. A few days later, Godfrey is told that King Henry IV decided, to give lower Lorraine to Matilda’s son. To put Geoffrey even more in a bad daylight, he lets villages  massaced by soldiers under the banner of Godfrey of Bouillon. To the series of setbacks there seems no end , because also Isabelle falls into the hands of the devilish Mathilde …

Godfrey of Bouillon

Godfrey of Bouillon, from a fresco painted by Giacomo Jaquerio in Saluzzo, northern Italy, in 1420 ca.

The sword of Godfrey of Bouillon, displayed at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.

Godfrey of Bouillon (c. 1060 – 18 July 1100) was a medieval Frankish knight who was one of the leaders of the First Crusade from 1096 until his death. He was the Lord of Bouillon, from which he took his byname, from 1076 and the Duke of Lower Lorraine from 1087. After the liberation of Jerusalem in 1099, Godfrey became the first ruler of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, although he refused the title “king” as he said that title belonged to God.

He was the second son of Eustace II, Count of Boulogne, and Ida of Lorraine (daughter of Godfrey III, Duke of Lower Lorraine and his wife, Doda[1]) and never married.[2]

Contents

Early life

Godfrey of Bouillon was born around 1060 in either Boulogne-sur-Mer in France or Baisy, a city in the region of Brabant (part of present-day Belgium). During Godfrey’s lifetime this region was part of the Holy Roman Empire. Godfrey was the second son of Count Eustace II of Boulogne and Ida of Lorraine. As second son, he had fewer opportunities than his older brother and seemed destined to become just one more minor knight in service to a rich landed nobleman. However, his uncle on his mother’s side, Godfrey the Hunchback, Duke of Lower of Lorraine, died childless and named his nephew, Godfrey of Bouillon, as his heir and next in line to his duchy of Lower Lorraine. This duchy was an important one at the time, serving as a buffer between the kingdom of France and the German lands.

In fact, Lower Lorraine was so important to the German kingdom and the Holy Roman Empire that Henry IV, the German king and future emperor (ruled 1084-1105), decided in 1076 that he would place it in the hands of his own son and give Godfrey only Bouillon and the Mark of Antwerp, in the Duchy of Brabant, as a test of Godfrey’s abilities and loyalty. Godfrey served Henry IV loyally, supporting him even when Pope Gregory VII was battling the German king in the Investiture Controversy. Godfrey fought with Henry and his forces against the rival forces of Rudolf of Swabia and also took part in battles in Italy when Henry IV actually took Rome away from the pope.

At the same time, Godfrey was struggling to maintain control over the lands that Henry IV had not taken away from him. Matilda of Tuscany, the widow of his uncle, said that these lands should have come to her. Another enemy outside the family also tried to take away other bits of his land, and Godfrey’s brothers, Eustace and Baldwin, both came to his aid. Following long struggles, and after proving that he was a loyal subject to Henry IV, Godfrey finally won back his duchy of Lower Lorraine in 1087. Still, Godfrey would never have had much power in the German kingdom or in Europe if it had not been for the coming of the Crusades.

First Crusade

In 1095 Urban II, the new Pope, called for a Crusade to liberate Jerusalem from Muslim forces and also to aid the Byzantine Empire which was under Muslim attack. Godfrey took out loans on most of his lands, or sold them, to the bishop of Liège and the bishop of Verdun. With this money he gathered thousands of knights to fight in the Holy Land. In this he was joined by his older brother, Eustace, and his younger brother, Baldwin, who had no lands in Europe. He was not the only major nobleman to gather such an army. Raymond of Saint-Gilles, also known as Raymond of Toulouse, created the largest army. At age fifty-five Raymond was also the oldest and perhaps the best known of the Crusader nobles. Because of his age and fame, Raymond expected to be the leader of the entire First Crusade. Adhemar, the papal legate and bishop of Le Puy, travelled with him. There was also the fiery Bohemond, a Norman knight who had formed a small kingdom in southern Italy, and a fourth group under Robert of Flanders.

Each of these armies traveled separately, some going southeast across Europe through Hungary and others sailing across the Adriatic Sea from southern Italy. Godfrey, along with his two brothers, started in August 1096 at the head of an army from Lorraine (some say 40,000 strong) along “Charlemagne‘s road”, as Urban II seems to have called it (according to the chronicler Robert the Monk)—the road to Jerusalem. After some difficulties in Hungary, he arrived in Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire, in November. The Pope had, in fact, called the Crusade in order to help the Byzantine emperor Alexius I fight the Islamic Turks who were invading his lands from Central Asia and Persia.

Godfrey and his troops were the second to arrive (after Hugh of Vermandois) in Constantinople. During the next several months the other Crusader armies arrived. Suddenly the Byzantine emperor had an army of about 4000 mounted knights and 25,000 infantry camped on his doorstep. But Godfrey and Alexius I had different goals. The Byzantine emperor wanted the help of the Crusader soldiers to recapture lands that the Seljuk Turks had taken. The Crusaders however had the main aim of liberating the Holy Land in Palestine from the Muslims and reinstating Christian rule there. For them, Alexius I and his Turks were only a sideshow. Worse, the Byzantine emperor expected the Crusaders to take an oath of loyalty to him. Godfrey and the other knights agreed to a modified version of this oath, promising to help return some lands to Alexius I. By the spring of 1097 the Crusaders were ready to march into battle.

Their first major victory, with Byzantine soldiers at their side, was at the city of Nicaea, close to Constantinople, which the Seljuk Turks had taken some years earlier. Godfrey and his knights of Lorraine played a minor role in the siege of Nicaea, with Bohemond successfully commanding much of the action. Just as the Crusaders were about to storm the city, they suddenly noticed the Byzantine flag flying from atop the city walls. Alexius I had made a separate peace with the Turks and now claimed the city for the Byzantine Empire. These secret dealings were a sign of things to come in terms of relations between Crusaders and Byzantines.

Godfrey depicted with Bohemond, Raymond IV of Toulouse, and other Crusaders

Godfrey continued to play a minor but important role in the battles against the Muslims until the Crusaders finally reached Jerusalem in 1099. Before that time, he helped to relieve the vanguard at the Battle of Dorylaeum after it had been pinned down by the Seljuk Turks under Kilij Arslan I, with the help of the other crusader princes in the main force and went on to sack the Seljuk camp. In 1098 Godfrey took part in the capture of Antioch, which fell in June of that year after long and bitter fighting. During the siege some of the Crusaders felt that the battle was hopeless and left the Crusade to return to Europe. Alexius I, hearing of the desperate situation, thought that all was lost at Antioch and did not come to help the Crusaders as promised. When the Crusaders finally took the city, they decided that their oaths to Alexius had breen breached and were no longer in effect. Bohemond, the first to enter the city gates, claimed the prize for himself. A Muslim force under Kerbogha, from the city of Mosul, arrived and battled the Crusaders, but the Christians finally defeated these Islamic troops.

After this victory, the Crusaders were divided over their next course of action. The bishop of Le Puy had died at Antioch. Bohemond decided to remain behind in order to secure his new kingdom and Godfrey’s younger brother, Baldwin, also decided to stay in the north at the Crusader state he had established at Edessa. Most of the foot soldiers wanted to continue south to Jerusalem, but Raymond IV of Toulouse, by this time the most powerful of the princes, having taken others into his employ, such as Tancred, hesitated to continue the march. After months of waiting, the common people on the crusade forced Raymond to march on to Jerusalem, and Godfrey quickly joined him. As they traveled south into Palestine, the Crusaders faced a new enemy. No longer were the Seljuk Turks the rulers of these lands. Now the Christian army had to deal with armies of North African Muslims called Fatimids, who had adopted the name of the ruling family in Cairo, Egypt. The Fatimids had taken Jerusalem in August 1098. The Crusaders would be battling them for the final prize of the First Crusade in the siege of Jerusalem.

It was in Jerusalem that the legend of Godfrey of Bouillon was born. The army reached the city in June 1099 and built wooden ladders to climb over the walls. The major attack took place on July 14 and 15, 1099. Godfrey and some of his knights were the first to get over the walls and enter the city. It was an end to three years of fighting by the Crusaders, but they had finally done what they had set out to do in 1096 — namely, to recapture the Holy Land and, in particular, the city of Jerusalem and its holy sites, such as the Holy Sepulchre, the tomb of Jesus Christ. He endowed the hospital in the Muristan after the First Crusade. Once the city was returned to Christian rule, some form of government had to be set up. On July 22, a council was held in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Raymond of Toulouse refused to become king. Godfrey did no damage to his own piety by accepting the position, but only as secular leader and not as King with an unknown or ill-defined title (advocatus sancti sepulchri).

Kingdom of Jerusalem

Coat of arms of the kingdom of Jerusalem

However, perhaps considering the controversy which had surrounded Tancred’s seizure of Bethlehem, Godfrey refused to be crowned king in the city where Christ had died. The exact nature and meaning of his title is thus somewhat of a controversy. Although it is widely claimed that he took the title Advocatus Sancti Sepulchri (“advocate” or “defender” of the Holy Sepulchre), this title is only used in a letter which was not written by Godfrey. Instead, Godfrey himself seems to have used the more ambiguous term Princeps, or simply retained his title of dux from back home in Lower Lorraine. Robert the Monk is the only chronicler of the crusade to report that Godfrey took the title “king”.[3] During his short reign, Godfrey had to defend the new Kingdom of Jerusalem against Fatimids of Egypt, who were defeated at the Battle of Ascalon in August. He also faced opposition from Dagobert of Pisa, the Patriarch of Jerusalem, who was allied with Tancred. Although the Latins came close to capturing Ascalon, Godfrey’s attempts to prevent Raymond of St. Gilles from securing the city for himself meant that the town remained in Muslim hands, destined to be a thorn in the new kingdom’s side for years to come.

In 1100 Godfrey was unable to directly expand his new territories through conquest. However, his impressive victory in 1099 and his subsequent campaigning in 1100 meant that he was able to force Acre, Ascalon, Arsuf, Jaffa, and Caesarea to become tributaries. Meanwhile, the struggle with Dagobert continued; although the terms of the conflict are difficult to trace. Dagobert may well have visualised turning Jerusalem into a fiefdom of the pope, however his full intentions are not clear. Much of the evidence for this comes from William of Tyre, whose account of these events is troublesome – It is only William who tells us that Dagobert forced Godfrey to concede Jerusalem and Jaffa, while other writers such as Albert of Aachen and Ralph of Caen suggest that both Dagobert and his ally Tancred had sworn an oath to Godfrey to accept only one of his brothers or blood relations as his successor. Whatever Dagobert’s schemes, they were destined to come to naught. Being at Haifa at the time of Godfrey’s death, he could do nothing to stop Godfrey’s supporters, led by Warner of Grez, from seizing Jerusalem and demanding that Godfrey’s brother Baldwin should succeed to the rule. Dagobert was subsequently forced to crown Baldwin as the first Latin king of Jerusalem on December 25, 1100.

Death

“While he was besieging the city of Acre, Godfrey, the ruler of Jerusalem, was struck by an arrow, which killed him”, reports the Arab chronicler Ibn al-Qalanisi. Christian chronicles make no mention of this; instead, Albert of Aix and Ekkehard of Aura report that Godfrey contracted an illness in Caesarea in June, 1100. It was later believed that the emir of Caesarea had poisoned him, but there seems to be no basis for this rumour; William of Tyre does not mention it. It is also said that he died after eating a poisoned apple. In any event, he died in Jerusalem after suffering from a prolonged illness.

Legacy

A statue of a knight with a long beard. He is wearing a crown of thorns and elaborate armour. He has a sword in his left hand, and a shield rests against his right leg.

16th century bronze statue of Godfrey of Bouillon from the group of heroes surrounding the memorial to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor in the Hofkirche, Innsbruck.

According to William of Tyre, the later 12th-century chronicler of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, Godfrey was “tall of stature, not extremely so, but still taller than the average man. He was strong beyond compare, with solidly-built limbs and a stalwart chest. His features were pleasing, his beard and hair of medium blond.”

Because he had been the first ruler in Jerusalem Godfrey of Bouillon was idealized in later accounts. He was depicted as the leader of the crusades, the king of Jerusalem, and the legislator who laid down the assizes of Jerusalem, and he was included among the ideal knights known as the Nine Worthies. Godfrey was only one of several leaders of the crusade, which also included Raymond IV of Toulouse, Bohemund of Taranto, Robert of Flanders, Stephen of Blois and Baldwin of Boulogne to name a few, along with papal legate Adhémar of Montiel, Bishop of Le Puy. Baldwin I of Jerusalem, Godfrey’s younger brother, became the first titled king when he succeeded Godfrey in 1100. The assizes were the result of a gradual development.

Godfrey’s role in the crusade was described by Albert of Aix, the anonymous author of the Gesta Francorum, and Raymond of Aguilers amongst others. In fictional literature, Godfrey was the hero of numerous French chansons de geste dealing with the crusade, the “Crusade cycle“. This cycle connected his ancestors to the legend of the Knight of the Swan,[4] most famous today as the storyline of Wagner’s opera Lohengrin.

By William of Tyre’s time later in the 12th century, Godfrey was already a legend among the descendants of the original crusaders. Godfrey was believed to have possessed immense physical strength; it was said that in Cilicia he wrestled a bear and won, and that he once beheaded a camel with one blow of his sword.

Torquato Tasso made Godfrey the hero of his epic poem Gerusalemme Liberata.

In The Divine Comedy Dante sees the spirit of Godfrey in the Heaven of Mars with the other “warriors of the faith.”

Godfrey is depicted in Handel’s opera “Rinaldo” (1711) as Goffredo.

Since the mid-19th century, an equestrian statue of Godfrey of Bouillon has stood in the center of the Royal Square in Brussels, Belgium. The statue was made by Eugène Simonis, and inaugurated on August 24, 1848.

Godfrey’s sword is given satirical mention in Mark Twain’s “Innocents Abroad” (1869).

Godfrey plays a key figure in the pseudohistorical theories put forth in the books The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail and The Da Vinci Code.

He also plays a key figure in the historical novel The Blue Gonfalon by Margaret Ann Hubbard. The book is set in the days of the First Crusade, and follows Godfrey and his men on their journey to the Holy Land. It is told through the eyes of Bennet, Godfrey’s squire.

In 2005 he came in 17th place in the French language Le plus grand Belge, a public vote of national heroes in Belgium. He did not make the 100 greatest Belgians, as voted by the Dutch speakers in De Grootste Belg (the Greatest Belgian).

Godfrey also plays a key role in the book The Iron Lance by Stephen R. Lawhead, and in an historical novel Godfrey de Bouillon, Defender of the Holy Sepulchre, by Tom Tozer.

References

  1. ^ Butler, Alban; Paul Burns (2000). Butler’s Lives of the Saints. Continuum International Publishing Group. pp. 93. ISBN 0860122530
  2. ^ Marjorie Chibnall (Select Documents of the English Lands of the Abbey of Bec, Camden (3rd Ser.) 73 (1951) pp. 25-26) followed earlier writers in suggesting that since the names Godfrey and Geoffrey shared a common origin, Godfrey is identical to the Geoffrey of Boulogne who appears in English records, marrying Beatrice, daughter of Geoffrey de Mandeville and that he left behind in England a son, William de Boulogne (adult by 1106, d. ca. 1169). However, Alan Murray analyzed the argument in detail and concluded that contemporary documents clearly distinguish between the two names, and as there is no evidence for their identity and traditions of the Crusade indicate Geoffrey was unmarried and childless, the two must be considered to have been distinct. Geoffrey, the English landholder, was apparently an illegitimate brother of Godfrey, the Crusader. Murray, Alan, The Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A Dynastic History 1099-1125 (Unit for Prosopographical Research, Linacre College, Oxford, 2000) pp. 155-165.
  3. ^ Jonathan Riley-Smith, “The Title of Godfrey of Bouillon”, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research 52 (1979), 83-86, and Alan V. Murray, “The Title of Godfrey of Bouillon as Ruler of Jerusalem”, Collegium Medievale 3 (1990), 163-78.
  4. ^ Holböck, Ferdinand; Michael J. Miller, translator (2002). Married Saints and Blesseds. Ignatius Press. pp. 147. ISBN 0898708435

 Sources

Further reading

Primary sources

  • Albert of Aix (fl. 1100), Historia Ierosolimitana, ed. and tr. Susan B. Edgington, Albert of Aachen: Historia Ierosolimitana, History of the Journey to Jerusalem. Oxford: Oxford Medieval Texts, 2007. The principal source for Godfrey’s march to Jerusalem.
  • Gesta Francorum, ed. and tr. Rosalind Hill, Gesta Francorum et aliorum Hierosolimitanorum. Oxford, 1967.
  • Ralph of Caen, Gesta Tancredi, ed. Bernard S. Bachrach and David S. Bachrach, The Gesta Tancredi of Ralph of Caen: A History of the Normans on the First Crusade. Ashgate Publishing, 2005.
  • Fulcher of Chartres, Chronicle, ed. Harold S. Fink and tr. Francis Rita Ryan, Fulcher of Chartres, A History of the Expedition to Jerusalem, 1095-1127. Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessy Press, 1969.
  • Raymond of Aguilers, Historia Francorum qui ceperunt Iherusalem, tr. John Hugh Hill and Laurita L. Hill. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1968.
  • Ekkehard of Aurach (d. 1126), tr. W. Pflüger, Die Chronik des Ekkehard von Aura. Leipzig, 1893.
  • William of Tyre (d. 1186), Historia, ed. R.B.C. Huygens, Willemi Tyrensis Archiepiscopi Chronicon. Corpus Christianorum Continuatio Medievalis 38. Turnholt: Brepols, 1986; tr. E.A. Babcock and A.C. Krey, William of Tyre, A History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea. Columbia University Press, 1943.
  • Zimmern Chronicle, 16th-century chronicle which includes some legendary material.
Preceded by
New creation
Armoiries de Jérusalem.svg Defender of the Holy Sepulchre
1099–1100
Succeeded by
Baldwin I (As King of Jerusalem)
Preceded by
Conrad
Duke of Lower Lotharingia
1087–1096
Succeeded by
Henry of Limburg
Preceded by
Godfrey III
Lord of Bouillon
1076–1096
Succeeded by
Sold to the Bishopric of Liège
v · d · eMonarchs of the Kingdom of Jerusalem* Did not take the title “King”
 
Godfrey* · Baldwin I · Baldwin II · Melisende with Fulk and Baldwin III · Amalric I · Baldwin IV · Baldwin V · Sibylla with Guy · Isabella I with Conrad I, Henry I and Amalric II · Mary with John · Isabella II · Conrad II · Conrad III · Hugh I · John II · Henry II
Armoiries de Jérusalem.svg
 

 

Thierry Cayman

Thierry Cayman is comic Illustrator, born in Brussels on 1 January 1962.
He entered the editions of the Lombard in 1984 and publishes several short stories in the Tintin Journal.
He published his first series, Sylvain de Rochefort, with Michel Bom.
 
Contents
 
1 Publications
1.1 Sylvain de Rochefort
1.2 Godefroy de Bouillon
1.3 S.T.A.R.
Occasional 1.4
1.5 Jhen
 
Publications
 
 Sylvain de Rochefort
Éditions du Lombard, Brussels, writer Michel Bom
Book 1: Water and blood (1990)
Volume 2: The forgotten (1991)
Tome 3: Prisoners of Baalbek (1993)
Volume 4: The trap of Montgisard (1994)
 
Godfrey of Bouillon
editions Lefrancq, Brussels, screenwriter Claude Rappé
Volume 1: The 7th lightning (1995)
Volume 2: The blood of the righteous (1996)
Volume 3: The black drakkar (1997)
 
S.T.A.R.
Éditions Casterman, Brussels, screenwriter Patrick Delperdange
Tome 1: Midnight light (2002)
Tome 2: Dawn is not clear (2003)
Tome 3: Under the feet, the empty (2003)
Tome 4: As the horse interfered (2004)
Tome 5: Nanotechs (2006)
 
Off series
Collection ‘One world’, Casterman, Brussels, screenwriter Patrick Delperdange
Part of pleasure (2006)
 
Jhen
Éditions Casterman, Brussels, screenwriter Hughes Payns
Volume 1: The witches (A published 2008)
 
 

Claude Rappé

Claude Rappe, born March 27, 1953, in Namur (Belgium) is a writer after journalist, actor, Director, and until 1996, producer and host on TV Luxembourg, RTL television, RTL TVi, AB3 (in Belgium and in the of the France).
 
Contents
 
1 Personal biography
1.1 History of his family
1.2 Private life
2 Career
3 Professional activities since 1976
Personal biography
His family history [edit] unique son of Pierre Rappé and Rosine Lutz. His father, born in Antwerp (Belgium) will be studies of naval officer and will remain his life tied to the sea and boats, mainly exercising the profession of engineer in a family garage (a company created in Namur by great father Eugène Rappé)(, lawyer by training become then oenologist and head of business) with a passion for painting. Parental homes where Claude will grow will be as many workshops of paintings of museums of works that go away not to sell the father. His mother, Ardennes origin (Orgéo, small neighbouring village of Bertrix – Belgium)) remain woman at home. The origins of the great father are Breton and it will be held at the acute accent on the surname Rappé, because it was a mark of ancestral distinction. But the public career of Claude and its installation in France in 1994 will eventually overcome this focus of Breton but however always pronounced origin in Belgium.
Andrée, the grand father mother, wife of Eugène Rappé, was the name of girl Mathieu, related to the Ledewyn. It will have four children with Eugène: Jacques, Pierre (father of Claude), Michette and Guy. The pair of grandparents live between Ghent (hometown of Andrée), Antwerp and Namur where épanouïe Andrée family until the departure of his sister Suzon for the us following its view with a U.S. owner was after the second world war. This great aunt, her children and grandchildren will be American. With Claude maternal grandparents, the family will be larger and less dispersed: the grand mother kindergarten of Claude, mother of Rosine, Jeanne Duchêne, originally from Bouillon and his grand father Hubert Lutz, who died shortly after the second world war, gave birth to seven children: Roger, Thèrèse, Paul, Marie, Madeleine, Ghislaine and Rosine…
They will live all the natal village: Orgéo. Claude will long remember dozens of cousins and cousins Ardennes which gladdened his vacation, several times a year. An ambiguity, probably due to the war will want that a small controversy broke out between the family name spelled Lütz Luxembourg origins, and an older entry, probably “germanisée” at the beginning of the second World War: Leitz. The two names and families which bear are closely related.
 
Privacy 
 
Claude married (28/12/1973) in first wedding Claudine Barbier and they will give birth to two girls: Esther (23/02/1975) and Catherine (05/04/1979).
Both spouses be separated in 1979 (the divorce do will be recorded in 1985) and Claude live a single time in Brussels, and then became correspondent for Belgian newspapers in Cannes (Festival of cinema, MIDEM, MIP – TV…) He will begin studies of dramaturgy and theatre actor in Brussels and will be professors Claude Etienne, André Ghisle, Suzanne Philippe and Sylviane Ysaïe. Then, hired as a host on TV Luxembourg in 1982, he lived some years with Anouchka Sikorsky, daughter Tatiana Blättchen (daughter of journalist from RTBF – Belgian national television channel) and two daughters Esther and Catherine Rappé. The relocation of part of the Luxembourg string in Belgium aménera Claude to Valérie Parent to live again in Brussels where he will have two companions of life, first (camerawoman and editor of films for television France in Rome, occasional actress in the film it happened near you alongside Benoît Poelvoorde) and Agnès De Carpentriesyoung Parisian specializing in commercial education and training which will be a “Parisian” adoption intermittently and Claude. Some time before his departure from the Belgian television channel RTL TVi, he will meet the actress Natacha Amal that he married two years later, on 21 June 1997, in Boulogne-Billancourt. The couple divorce on November 6, 2007.
Career [edit] Claude will be urged, on the drafting of a film for Ceres Films France, distributed by the Gaumont dialogues (Director: Yvan Léonard), entitled Imagine that one day, then after writing a first play telling the story of Godfrey of Bouillonwrite reviews of films and theatre in a small Belgian periodical: Contre-Chants. The magazine will not recipe and it is a certain Jean Martin (creator of a trustee for artists: the “Secretariat of artists”) but also producer and creator of the legendary rock group ‘wallace Collection’ then a certain Alain Decker (editor of press – including erotic magazines) which will appoint the Chief Editor of fun – showbiz magazine). Therefore, Claude will work with for many weekly whose Edition special, for which he sign with Erik Machielsen a biography, tribute to John Lennon, in a single night, that of the death of the ex-Beatles. Then, he will sign in the Billboard, will become the occasional Roger Moore Press Secretary, wrote in why not?, Télépro, the bright, the Express and later the Echo of the savannas… But what will delight the most Claude, is staying five years writing for “Tintin responds…”. “in the Journal Tintin, role that earned him even the congratulations of Hergé. Finally, it will install in the written press in becoming head of heading to the event still weekly magazine. It is leading front the profession of Director in the theatre and a career as a journalist of the written press that Claude will meet with many actors, actresses, singers, vocalists and all as facilitators, facilitators of radio and television. Created links will yet not at the genesis of the commitment of Claude as presenter of the Croque Midi on TV Luxembourg broadcast on September 12, 1982. Thérèse Leduc (producer) and Jacques Navadic (Program Director) and Jean (Director of programs succeeding j. Navadic) Stock, then will be Claude a mythical 1980s animators and 90 on RTL television. Flash Back, the band Grobo, seen and corrected, midday midnight and head to head will be headlights of these years emissions there. But in 1987, following the failure of the installation of RTL television in France, the Manager group C.L.T. (company Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion) decided at a Belgian chain: RTL TVi. Claude will live poorly what it considered as the errors of its patterns of antenna of the time but rebound by proposing Entr’ Act, which will illustrate five years during his pugnacity to want, even on a commercial television channel, defend the culture. Tired of all his permanent fighting, Claude will accept in December 1996, a starting “precipitated” by the directors of the string and will be moving to Paris to pursue his new career as a writer and another combat: the husband of an actress. Since then, he still sometimes publishes historical novels and to address especially in the writing of scenarios for the cinema and television. He also created his own publishing house, helping of new authors to be published.
  
Professional activities since 1976
Cinema
Dialogue wri
ter of “Imagine that one day” – short fiction (’26) for Ceres Films Gaumont 1978 – Paris.
Scriptwriter of “The witch” – feature film fiction.
Co-screenwriter of: “The treasure of Rommel” – feature film fiction.
Making the film “Béjart correspondence” for RTL TVi – 1994.
Actor in “The fighter” (Réal.) (Didier ALBERT – TF1 – 2004)
Theatre
Assistantships (mise en scene/governance) in the theatre of batting and mind Jardin Botanique – Brussels + Paris Chaillot Avignon theatre. Actor, Director scene, assistant, sound designer, stage manager for a 30 shows from 1976 to 1982.
Production of Godfrey of BOUILLON, God wants! from 1979 to 1983.
Tourism
History lecturer at the Middle East (Israel – Jordan – Egypt – Yemen – Lebanon – Syria – Morocco) for All Ways Travel, Bosphorus (the D.H.) and Arthema (Paris-Match).
Production of filmed documentaries and news articles in Jordan, Israel, Egypt, u.s.a., Japan, Russia, Austria, Denmark, in Poland, Thailand, the Maldives, in Polynesia, the Caribbean, Kenya, Ethiopia.
Written press
Editor at “Against songs” 1978-1979.
Editor-in-Chief of “Fun – showbiz magazine” 1979-1980
Head of section in the Journal “Tintin” 1979-1983.
Head of section and criticism of “The event” – weekly version – 1980-1982
Contributor to “Billboard”, “Télépro”, “The bright”, “The Express”, “Edition special”, “Why not?”, “The Echo of Savannah” 1978-1988.
Television
Moderator-reporter for RTL television – France and Belgium: 1982-1996.
Cultural producer and presenter of prime-time programs (debates – talk shows) – from 1983 to 1996.
Presenter and reporter for the Journal Télévisé de RTL TVi: 1987-1996.
Head of the cultural service of RTL: 1987-1995.
Sale on H.O.T. and HOME SHOPPING EUROPE Moderator: 2000-2001.
Moderator of debates on AB3: 2002.
Integrates collectives of writing for fiction TV since 1997.
Playwright
Author of the following plays: Godefroy de Bouillon – God wants! -Catherine Hamlet – Ide – attic – shampooing – We wish you a Marry Christmas – hearing – the memory of the wind – Hitler, Churchill, Stalin, meeting secret.
Co-author of Shakespeare (with Valérie Foschia) case and end (with Janne fountain) Suite.
Literature
The following historical fiction author: Godfrey of Bouillon – the cursed heir – Albin Michel 1991 – literary prize Quartier latin – Paris 1992. Finalist at the 1992 high school students – Paris Goncourt. Reissued. Solomon, the King of women – Albin Michel 1995 – translations into Greek, Spanish. Reissued. God wants! Albin Michel, 1999 – reissued. Samson & Dalila – rock 2001. Co-author of the following stories: Tsunami 26 December 2004… 9 pm – rock 2005 (with Natacha Amal). It hangs for me – BMR 2008 (with Lou Depryck).
Series writer BD Godfrey of Bouillon (drawings: Thierry Cayman)-3 titles. Translated into 5 languages. Helyode & Claude Lefrancq Editions.
Claude Rappe is also the writer and the author of the texts of two permanent historical shows broth (Belgium) and Baugé (France)
 
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