Please click on the album picture to view my personal library collection of : De Blauwbloezen

 

By Lambil & Cauvin

 
The main characters depicted on a fan.
Country of origin : Belgium /France
Original taalFrans
Genre Humor
History
Creation team
Creator (s) Louis Salverius
Author (s) Raoul Cauvin
Artist (s) Louis Salverius
Lambil
Publication
UitgeverDupuis
PublicatiemediaStripboeken
Current statuslopend
First publicatie1972
Portal Comics
Tuniques (French: Les Tuniques Bleues) is a comic series of artist Louis Salvérius and screenwriter Cauvin. After the death of Salvérius (during the making of album number 4), Lambil the draughtsman.
The main characters are corporal Blutch and sergeant Cornelius Chesterfield, two cavalariemannen during the American civil war all sorts of adventures. The background to the stories take place is mostly historically correct, but nevertheless, there is also a lot of humor in the series. Though often fictional events occur, but always against a historically correct background.
In total there are 53 albums appeared, but there are still new on the market.
 
Contents
1 history
2 history
3 historical persons
4 Characters
5 Albums
6 external links 
 
Designer Louis Salverius and screenwriter Cauvin met at the Belgian comics magazine Spirou, better known as Le Journal de Spirou. In 1968 they started to a 29-page series, about a number of recruits in the America of the 19th century. Then it was still unknown how the series would come to be called. From the beginning of the 1970s came the first Tuniques albums on the market. All previous stories were in album five and six. Halfway album five Lambil took the character to work on by Louis Salverius, which only had died.
The French, Belgian and Dutch albums published by Dupuis, the albums are invariably in the comic album-top-ten with each new edition, with alone ca. 350,000 printed at the release of album 50 in 2006, in the Benelux and France.
History
Blutch and Chesterfield from album 1 stationed in Fort Bow, but after some of the things they have done wrong in Colonel Appeltowns eyes, they are moved to the front. There they come in the 22nd Cavalry right and are under the command of Captain Stark. After a few battles to have survived, they are also used for special commands, which they usually screw up but sometimes successfully.
Historical persons
 Other characters who are the two complement the completely deranged Captain Stark, the Growling generale staff headed by the proud General Alexander. Historical figures are also frequent in the album sequence, such as General Grant and President Abraham Lincoln, Confederate General Robert e. Lee and war photographer Matthew Brady. In the many fictional stories are Blutch and Chesterfield on a special mission, causing them to fall everywhere, as in Mexico, Canada and Amsterdam. The missions range from repairing and guarding a train that derailed was spying in a secret submarine (see The David). However, many albums based on real events, mixed with a sauce humor. So, there are serious treatments over about Chinese immigrants, the treatment of black soldiers, submarines at Charleston and on General Read horse Traveller. Chesterfield goes into a undercover as one of the members of William Quantrill and his men Jesse and Frank James. In another album, they have to do with a racist officer named Captain Nepel, based on the French right-wing politician Jean-Marie Le Pen.
Characters
 Sergeant Cornelius Chesterfield m. is the prototype of the hardened soldier. He sees the army as a continuous promotion opportunity and ensure that his companion Blutch not deserteert. He is in love with the daughter of Colonel Appeltown.
Corporal Blutch is reluctantly in the army. When he sees a chance, he tries to desertion, continually thwarted by Chesterfield. Although they’re squabbling, they are very attached to each other. Blutch has a special bond with his horse Arabesque, that he has learned to fall ‘ dead ‘ when “attack!” is called. He is allergic to authority and authority.
Captain Ambrose Stark is the Commander of the 22nd cavalry regiment of the u.s. military. He has a deep contempt for infantrymen and is a devoted soldier who each command without more. Stark pulls to the battlefield with his infamous phrase “Aaaanvallleuuuu …” and pulls back as good as never, not even when he is injured. This behavior got when he was severely wounded for the first time, he got involved in this accident a shrapnel in his head that no more out
(this fumbled his brain, whence his behaviour). He loses so many men that many new recruits transfer to his regiment costs what it costs trying to prevent.
General Alexander is the Commander of the army unit whose Blutch and Chesterfield part. He sends them on the most difficult missions but complained that usually in hindsight, if everything is in the hundreds. In the album Duel in the channel, however, he turns out a good friend of the duo. He helps the two here to escape the firing squad.
General Grant was the Commander-in-Chief and Chief Commander of the u.s. Army during the American civil war. He has a weakness for alcohol, but later let stand the bottle with the help of Blutch and Chesterfield.
Colonel Appeltown (first Appletown) is the direct commander of Fort Bow, a fort in the desert far from the front. He has a huge dislike Chesterfield for the sake of his rudeness, incompetence and talent to do everything in their hundreds to do to run, and because of his fiery Blutch character.
Mathilde Appeltown (in “Baby Blue” is called them Amelia) is the beautiful daughter of Colonel Appeltown. Sergeant Chesterfield has a penchant for her. They can be both Chesterfield as Blutch easy to her finger winds. Mathilde loves children and brave soldiers.
Lieutenant George Appeltown is the son of Colonel Appeltown. He is a graduate of West Point. The battlefield showed nothing for him to be and he is currently also the aide-de-camp of General Grant. After the war he wants to go into politics.
Captain Stephen Stilman sits in the General staff of General Alexander. At meetings of the staff he usually sits in his rocking chair, gulping a drink. Sometimes know Stilman General Alexander to convince of its attack plans. His sister Abigail is married to Lieutenant Appeltown.
~ See also: list of characters from the Tuniques
 Albums
Range for a list of the published albums, see list of Tuniques albums
There are also a number of special editions: No. 37A (making of), nr. 47 bis (making of), a Deluxe Edition of nr. 40 (uitgeverij Khani), a Deluxe Edition of nr. 50 (uitgeverij Khani) and an album called “Flashback”, a booklet intended for the press. Furthermore, at one of the albums a free range given away, where 56 questions and answers about the albums.
External links (fr) official website
Tuniques
Authors: Louis Salvérius · Raoul Cauvin · Lambil
Characters: Blutch · Cornelius Chesterfield · Captain Stark · General Alexander · General Grant · Colonel Appeltown · Mathilde Appeltown · Lieutenant George Appeltown · Captain Stephen Stilman · List of characters from the Tuniques
Albums: car in ‘t West (1) · From North to South (2) · For $ 1,500 extra (3) · Outlaw (4) · The deserters (5) · The nor in Robertsonville (6) · The blue rookies (7) · The masterpieces of the Cavalry (8) · The great patrol (9) · Blue and uniforms (10) · Blues in black and white (11) · Address Cossacks (12) · The Blues in the puree (13) · The melkmuil (14) · Rumberley (15) · Bronco Benny (16) · El Padre (17) · How it began (18) · The David (19) · Black face (20) · The five schoeljes (21) · Blues and women (22) · The cousins of the opposite side (23) · Baby Blue (24) · Blues and bumps (25) · Canadian gold (26) · Bull Run (27) · The show must go on! (28) · Outside West (29) · The rose of Bantry (30) · Drummer boy (31) · To outrageous (32) · Grumbler and sons (33) · The Green years (34) · Captain Nepel (35) · Quantrill (36) · Duel in the channel (37) · The hiders (38) · Puppet blues (39) · The straw men (40) · The Blues take the legs (41) · Blutch, sweat and tears (42) · The blauwblues (43) · The ear of Lincoln (44) · Riot in New York (45) · Requiem for a blue blouse (46) · The Nancy Harts (47) · Arabesk (48) · A marriage in Fort Bow (49) · The Manhunt (50) · A notch los at Stark (51) · The Blues in the fog (52) · Blue blood Blues (53) · Miss Walker (54)

Lambil

Name of naissance : Willy Lambillotte
Date of birth : 14 may 1936
Stamens Belgium
Nationality Belgian
Profession (s) cartoonist and comic strip writer
Lambil, whose real name is Willy Lambillotte, is a screenwriter and Belgian comic strip cartoonist born in stamens (Belgium) on May 14, 1936. He currently resides in the village of Falisolle.
Biography [edit] after his studies at the Royal Academy of fine arts of Brussels, Lambil between Editions Dupuis as lettering at the age of 16 years.
In 1959, he creates with Henri Gillain series Sandy and Hoppy, contant the adventures of a young boy and his Kangaroo, published in the Journal de Spirou.
In parallel, and for the same magazine, it draws a few episodes of the beautiful stories of Uncle Paul.
In 1972, after the death of the artist Louis Salvérius, Lambil resumed successfully the blue tunics, a series launched in 1968 by Salvérius, and young writer Raoul Cauvin. Lambil is thus in charge of the graphic destiny of two shrewd heroes, Blutch and Chesterfield, overlapping in a medium which he ignores almost all! Never mind: it is to document and demonstrate extreme tenacity to succeed the proposed challenge. Death in the soul, it will soon be forced to abandon Sandy the success of its new series.
In 1973, under heading “Carte Blanche” of Spirou, Lambil created with Cauvin a parodic character autobiographical: poor Lampil, which depicts the daily life of a comic strip cartoonist. “Over the years, entrusts Lambil, it became a sort of blooper of all the misfortunes that arrive to the authors of Dupuis.”

Raoul Cauvin

 
Born Raoul Cauvin
26 September 1938 (1938-09-26) (age 72)
Antoing, Belgium
Nationality Belgian
Area(s) writer
Notable works Les Tuniques Bleues
Sammy
Les Femmes en Blanc
Awards full list

Raoul Cauvin (born 26 September 1938) is a Belgian comics author and one of the most popular in the humorist field.

Biography

Raoul Cauvin was born in Antoing, Belgium in 1938.[1] He studied lithography at the Institut Saint-Luc in Tournai, but upon leaving school found that there no jobs available for lithographers.[2] He started working at Dupuis in 1960 as a cameraman for the small animation studio the publishing house had started, working on early Smurfs cartoons and other short movies. After a few years, he started writing comics and has since became one of the most prolific Franco-Belgian comics authors, almost always staying true to Dupuis and the weekly comics magazine Spirou. Some of his earliest work was for artists like Claire Bretécher, Gennaux and Eddy Ryssack.

When Lucky Luke, the successful, long-running Western series, moved from Spirou to rival magazine Pilote, Cauvin came up with Les Tuniques Bleues (French for “Blue Coats”) which is set among the U.S. Cavalry around the time of the American Civil War. It was at first drawn by Louis Salvérius who, upon his death, was replaced by Lambil, and has since become a major best-selling comic book series with more than 15 million albums sales.[1]

Cauvin added other another success in 1972 with Sammy, about bodyguards in Chicago during the Prohibition era, drawn by Berck. A short stint on Spirou and Fantasio (drawn by Nic Broca) was not so successful. Cauvin continued to work for the animation studio as well, writing the scripts for the Musti, Tip and Tap and The Pili’s cartoons by Ray Goossens.

He has lived in Nivelles since 1991.[2] By November 1999, he had published over 237 albums,[3] selling over 45 million in total.[4]

Themes

Cauvin’s work is almost always humoristic, but he produces both long stories (i.e. 44 pages) and short gags (between half a page and 6 pages). He started mainly with historical series: Les Tuniques Bleues uses the American Civil War as background, while Sammy plays in the time of Al Capone and Eliot Ness, and Les Mousquetaires describes the adventures of three musketeers in the 17th century. But with Agent 212 (French for “Officer 212”), featuring a rather stupid cop, he started to make his stories more contemporary, and in the 1980s he breached increasingly taboo subjects and introduced more critical views with themes like nursing and hospitals in Les Femmes en blanc (“The Women in White”) with Philippe Bercovici, Les Paparazzi or gravediggers in Pierre Tombal.

Although best known for Les Tuniques Bleues, he and Lambil also worked on a comics series called Pauvre Lampil (“Poor Lampil”), a semi-autobiographical account of the trials and tribulations of a melancholic comic strip artist and his love-hate relationship with his scriptwriter, caricatures of Lambil and Cauvin themselves. In fact, aside from Lambil (whose name is changed to “Lampil”), other characters, including their colleagues in the comic book industry, are referred to by their real or pen-names: Cauvin himself, Fournier, Franquin etc.

Cauvin has also taken up more fantastic themes like that of a love angel in Cupido or the hard life of a vulture falling in love with an owl in Les Voraces.[1] Other more recent series include Cédric, a domestic strip surrounding a pre-adolescent schoolboy, and Les Psy (“The Shrinks”) about a psychiatrist whose patients’ eccentricities often lead him to question his own sanity. A lot of Cauvin’s characters are of the short-tempered sort, easily provoked and exploding in rage when things go wrong.

He makes his scripts in the form of a rudimentary comic, suggesting a page lay-out,[5] and he has also made a few comics completely on his own, but with limited success.

Critics and success

His works are often seen as more artisanal than artistic by the critics,[6] while others consider him an uncontested master of the humoristic comic.[7]

Whatever the critics think of him though, he continues to be very successful with the public and sought after by artists, at one stage writing almost a dozen series at a time. In 2006 alone, he had six series in the list of best selling new comics of the ACBD, with Cédric securing the fourth spot with 288,900 albums and Les Tuniques Bleues at ten with 184,800 copies. His other most successful comics were Les Femmes en Blanc (78,000 copies), Agent 212 (66,000 copies), Les Psy (51,500 copies) and Pierre Tombal (45,700 copies).[8] In 2010, he was the 7th bestselling author of comics in France, with sales of 569,000 copies that year.[9]

Selected bibliography

All stories originally appeared in Spirou and published in album by Dupuis unless otherwise stated.

Awards

Sources

Footnotes

 

    1. ^ a b c De Weyer, Geert (2005). “Raoul Cauvin”. In België gestript, pp. 176-177. Tielt: Lannoo.
    2. ^ a b Interview on fan site (French) Last accessed 29 September 2006
    3. ^ Interview from November 1999 (French) Last accessed 28 June 2006
    4. ^ ActuaBD Comics news (French) Last accessed 29 September 2006
    5. ^ Image of a Cauvin scenario for Les Femmes en Blanc. Last accessed 29 September 2006
    6. ^ Critic of a recent album by Cauvin. (French) Last accessed 28 June 2006
    7. ^ Biography at Bedethèque (French) Last accessed 29 September 2006
    8. ^ Ratier, Gilles. “ACBD bilan 2006: Best selling albums of the year in French”. ACBD.fr. Archived from the original on 2007-03-05. http://web.archive.org/web/20070305183020/http://www.acbd.fr/bilan/page/bilan-2006.html#5. Retrieved 2007-02-08. 
    9. ^ Lutaud, Lena (27 January 2011). “Le palmarès des auteurs de bande dessinée”. Le Figaro. http://www.lefigaro.fr/livres/2011/01/27/03005-20110127ARTFIG00615-le-palmares-des-auteurs-de-bande-dessinee.php. Retrieved 31 January 2011. 
    10. ^ Berck website (French) Last accessed 29 September 2006
    11. ^ Angoulême Awards 1976 (French) Last accessed 29 September 2006
    12. ^ Angoulême Awards 2001 (French) Last accessed 29 September 2006
    13. ^ a b “Titeuf – “Le Sens de la vie”, Prix CANAL J 2009 du Meilleur Album Jeunesse” (in French). BDZoom. 27 April 2009. http://www.bdzoom.com/spip.php?article3844. Retrieved 8 May 2009. 
    14. ^ Site of the Albert Uderzo Awards. Last accessed 28 June 2006
    15. ^ Belga (2008-10-12). “Raoul Cauvin reçoit le Grand Prix Saint-Michel” (in French). La Libre Belgique. http://www.lalibre.be/culture/livres/article/452202/raoul-cauvin-recoit-le-grand-prix-saint-michel.html. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 

External links