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By Willy Lambil & Raoul Cauvin

Lambil

 Born

Nationality

Area(s)

Notable works

Awards

Willy Lambillotte
14 May 1936 (1936-05-14) (age 74)
Tamines, Belgium
Belgian
artist, writer
Les Tuniques Bleues
Grand Prix Saint-Michel 2006

Lambil (born 14 May 1936) is a Belgian comic-book artist, best known for the series Les Tuniques Bleues, which has been published in English as “The Blue Tunics” and “The Bluecoats”.

Biography

Willy Lambillotte was born in Tamines, Belgium in 1936.[1] He studied at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels and first presented his drawings at the publisher Dupuis, known for the magazine Spirou, when he was 16. He was accepted as a letterer, and got to know the major artists of the magazine of the time like Jijé and André Franquin.[1]

In 1959, he published his first comic, Sandy, about an Australian teenager and his kangaroo Hoppy. The story was written by Henri Gillain, the brother of Jijé, and was the start of more than 20 stories in the same series, which only had a moderate success and did not get published in albums until much later. Lambil even parodied his own series in the irregular funny animal comic Hobby and Koala, about a kangaroo and a koala, and as Panty et son kangarou (see below).

When in 1972 Louis Salvérius, the artist of Les Tuniques Bleues (“The Blue Coats”), unexpectedly died, a successor was sought amongst the Dupuis artists. Lambil was asked to continue the series in collaboration with writer Raoul Cauvin. Whereas Sandy was drawn in a realistic style, Les Tuniques Bleues was comical and humorous, even though it is set during the American Civil War and is rather graphic in its portrayal of battle and its aftermath. Due to the rapid success of Les Tuniques Bleues (which has become a major best-selling series), Lambil had to drop Sandy.

As of 2009, Lambil has made more than 40 albums of Les Tuniques Bleues, which have sold over 15 million copies.[1]

His only other major contribution was Pauvre Lampil (“Poor Lampil”), a series of short humoristic semi-autobiographic stories, satirizing the hard life of a comics artist and his writing partner — caricatures of Lambil and Cauvin themselves — as they argue about almost everything, from work to life in general. The strip is also a domestic one in the style of Blondie with the ever-depressed Lampil having to put up with everything life throws at him, which is not helped by the more cheery dispositions of his wife and their son Joel. The strip also features caricatures of other comics artists like André Franquin and Jean-Claude Fournier. In his early appearances, Lampil’s comic strip is described as Panty et son kangourou (“Panty and his Kangaroo”) which only has a moderate success, but latter ones had him and Cauvin actually working on Les Tuniques Bleues.

Bibliography

 

Series Years Volumes Writer Editor Remarks
Sandy et Hoppy 1972–1981 18 Lambil Dupuis and Magic-Strip Originally started in Spirou in 1959
Les Tuniques Bleues 1974- 44 Raoul Cauvin Dupuis The first six stories were drawn by Salverius
Pauvre Lampil 1977–1995 7 Raoul Cauvin Dupuis Lambil and Cauvin satirise themselves; Lambil’s name is changed to “Lampil”, but curiously Cauvin and other writers and artists are still referred to by their real names.

 Awards

 Notes

    1. ^ a b c De Weyer, Geert (2005). “Lambil”. In België gestript, pp. 135-136. Tielt: Lannoo.
    2. ^ “Comics Festival 3 à Bruxelles: Le Bilan” (in French). Auracan.com. http://www.auracan.com/Indiscretions/2004/20041011.html. Retrieved 2007-02-19. 
    3. ^ “Comics Festival Belgium”. http://cfbelgium.free.fr/festival2006.php#prijzen. Retrieved 2007-02-19. 

 Source

    • Béra, Michel; Denni, Michel; and Mellot, Philippe (2002): “Trésors de la Bande Dessinée 2003-2004”. Paris, Les éditions de l’amateur. ISBN 2-85917-357-9

 External links

 

Raoul Cauvin

 
Raoul Cauvin
26 September 1938 (1938-09-26) (age 72)
Antoing, Belgium
Belgian
writer
Les Tuniques Bleues
Sammy
Les Femmes en Blanc
full list

Raoul Cauvin (born 26 September 1938) is a Belgian comics author and one of the most popular in the humorist field.

Biography

Raoul Cauvin was born in Antoing, Belgium in 1938.[1] He studied lithography at the Institut Saint-Luc in Tournai, but upon leaving school found that there no jobs available for lithographers.[2] He started working at Dupuis in 1960 as a cameraman for the small animation studio the publishing house had started, working on early Smurfs cartoons and other short movies. After a few years, he started writing comics and has since became one of the most prolific Franco-Belgian comics authors, almost always staying true to Dupuis and the weekly comics magazine Spirou. Some of his earliest work was for artists like Claire Bretécher, Gennaux and Eddy Ryssack.

When Lucky Luke, the successful, long-running Western series, moved from Spirou to rival magazine Pilote, Cauvin came up with Les Tuniques Bleues (French for “Blue Coats”) which is set among the U.S. Cavalry around the time of the American Civil War. It was at first drawn by Louis Salvérius who, upon his death, was replaced by Lambil, and has since become a major best-selling comic book series with more than 15 million albums sales.[1]

Cauvin added other another success in 1972 with Sammy, about bodyguards in Chicago during the Prohibition era, drawn by Berck. A short stint on Spirou and Fantasio (drawn by Nic Broca) was not so successful. Cauvin continued to work for the animation studio as well, writing the scripts for the Musti, Tip and Tap and The Pili’s cartoons by Ray Goossens.

He has lived in Nivelles since 1991.[2] By November 1999, he had published over 237 albums,[3] selling over 45 million in total.[4]

Themes

Cauvin’s work is almost always humoristic, but he produces both long stories (i.e. 44 pages) and short gags (between half a page and 6 pages). He started mainly with historical series: Les Tuniques Bleues uses the American Civil War as background, while Sammy plays in the time of Al Capone and Eliot Ness, and Les Mousquetaires describes the adventures of three musketeers in the 17th century. But with Agent 212 (French for “Officer 212”), featuring a rather stupid cop, he started to make his stories more contemporary, and in the 1980s he breached increasingly taboo subjects and introduced more critical views with themes like nursing and hospitals in Les Femmes en blanc (“The Women in White”) with Philippe Bercovici, Les Paparazzi or gravediggers in Pierre Tombal.

Although best known for Les Tuniques Bleues, he and Lambil also worked on a comics series called Pauvre Lampil (“Poor Lampil”), a semi-autobiographical account of the trials and tribulations of a melancholic comic strip artist and his love-hate relationship with his scriptwriter, caricatures of Lambil and Cauvin themselves. In fact, aside from Lambil (whose name is changed to “Lampil”), other characters, including their colleagues in the comic book industry, are referred to by their real or pen-names: Cauvin himself, Fournier, Franquin etc.

Cauvin has also taken up more fantastic themes like that of a love angel in Cupido or the hard life of a vulture falling in love with an owl in Les Voraces.[1] Other more recent series include Cédric, a domestic strip surrounding a pre-adolescent schoolboy, and Les Psy (“The Shrinks”) about a psychiatrist whose patients’ eccentricities often lead him to question his own sanity. A lot of Cauvin’s characters are of the short-tempered sort, easily provoked and exploding in rage when things go wrong.

He makes his scripts in the form of a rudimentary comic, suggesting a page lay-out,[5] and he has also made a few comics completely on his own, but with limited success.

Critics and success

His works are often seen as more artisanal than artistic by the critics,[6] while others consider him an uncontested master of the humoristic comic.[7]

Whatever the critics think of him though, he continues to be very successful with the public and sought after by artists, at one stage writing almost a dozen series at a time. In 2006 alone, he had six series in the list of best selling new comics of the ACBD, with Cédric securing the fourth spot with 288,900 albums and Les Tuniques Bleues at ten with 184,800 copies. His other most successful comics were Les Femmes en Blanc (78,000 copies), Agent 212 (66,000 copies), Les Psy (51,500 copies) and Pierre Tombal (45,700 copies).[8] In 2010, he was the 7th bestselling author of comics in France, with sales of 569,000 copies that year.[9]

Selected bibliography

All stories originally appeared in Spirou and published in album by Dupuis unless otherwise stated.

Awards

Sources

Footnotes
    1. ^ a b c De Weyer, Geert (2005). “Raoul Cauvin”. In België gestript, pp. 176-177. Tielt: Lannoo.
    2. ^ a b Interview on fan site (French) Last accessed 29 September 2006
    3. ^ Interview from November 1999 (French) Last accessed 28 June 2006
    4. ^ ActuaBD Comics news (French) Last accessed 29 September 2006
    5. ^ Image of a Cauvin scenario for Les Femmes en Blanc. Last accessed 29 September 2006
    6. ^ Critic of a recent album by Cauvin. (French) Last accessed 28 June 2006
    7. ^ Biography at Bedethèque (French) Last accessed 29 September 2006
    8. ^ Ratier, Gilles. “ACBD bilan 2006: Best selling albums of the year in French”. ACBD.fr. Archived from the original on 2007-03-05. http://web.archive.org/web/20070305183020/http://www.acbd.fr/bilan/page/bilan-2006.html#5. Retrieved 2007-02-08. 
    9. ^ Lutaud, Lena (27 January 2011). “Le palmarès des auteurs de bande dessinée”. Le Figaro. http://www.lefigaro.fr/livres/2011/01/27/03005-20110127ARTFIG00615-le-palmares-des-auteurs-de-bande-dessinee.php. Retrieved 31 January 2011. 
    10. ^ Berck website (French) Last accessed 29 September 2006
    11. ^ Angoulême Awards 1976 (French) Last accessed 29 September 2006
    12. ^ Angoulême Awards 2001 (French) Last accessed 29 September 2006
    13. ^ a b “Titeuf – “Le Sens de la vie”, Prix CANAL J 2009 du Meilleur Album Jeunesse” (in French). BDZoom. 27 April 2009. http://www.bdzoom.com/spip.php?article3844. Retrieved 8 May 2009. 
    14. ^ Site of the Albert Uderzo Awards. Last accessed 28 June 2006
    15. ^ Belga (2008-10-12). “Raoul Cauvin reçoit le Grand Prix Saint-Michel” (in French). La Libre Belgique. http://www.lalibre.be/culture/livres/article/452202/raoul-cauvin-recoit-le-grand-prix-saint-michel.html. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 

External links